# Publishing history data

Services commonly generate sensor data that should be stored in a Time-Series Database (TSDB). Brewblox uses Victoria Metrics (opens new window) as its TSDB for history data, and MQTT events as publisher protocol.

The history service acts as database interface layer for both publishing and querying data.

This document describes the topic and payload formatting required to publish events that can be consumed by the history service.

# Topic

The history service is subscribed to brewcast/history/#. This means that events should be published to a topic starting with brewcast/history.


For debugging purposes, we recommend appending the service name to the topic. You can then use an MQTT client to subscribe to eg. brewcast/history/my-service, and avoid noise from unrelated other services.

# Flags

You can use any valid value for the qos flag in MQTT.

Do not set the retain flag. It will cause the history service to repeatedly save the same data point, using different timestamps.

# Payload

The payload for history events must be a JSON serialized object, with as schema:

  "type": "object",
  "properties": {
    "key": {
      "type": "string"
    "data": {
      "type": "object"
  "required": [
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#"

For example:

    "key": "my-device",
    "data": {
        "sensor1": 10,
        "sensor2": {
            "value1": 50,
            "value2": 123,

The data is flattened before it is inserted into the database. The name of all values is set as a /-separated path that includes the key field, and the key of all parent objects.

The data in this event...

    "key": "controller1",
    "data": {
        "block1": {
            "sensor1": {
                "settings": {
                    "setting": 10
                "values": {
                    "value": 5,
                    "other": 1

...is flattened to:

    "controller1/block1/sensor1/settings/setting": 10,
    "controller1/block1/sensor1/values/value": 5,
    "controller1/block1/sensor1/values/other": 1

The database only supports numeric values. The history service will attempt to convert values to float before insertion, and ignores all values that can't be converted.


  • 10
  • 1.234
  • true (converted to 1)
  • false (converted to 0)
  • "8"


  • "test"
  • "true"
  • "1.2.3"
  • null